Thursday, July 27, 2017

Enrich Your Russian Vocabulary. Lesson 13. Пополни словарный запас русского языка. Урок 13.

Russian words have an ending to convey the sense of the English ‘of something or somebody’, called the genitive case. For masculine and neuter nouns, add -а (or occasionally -я): центр города = ‘city centre’ (literally, centre of the city);
номер телефона = ‘telephone number’;
Кто автор проекта? = ‘who is the author of the project?’;
карта города = ‘city map’;
Я люблю музыку Шостаковича = ‘I love Shostakovich’s music’;
багаж = ‘luggage’;
регистрация багажа = ‘luggage check-in’.
Note that the stress is on the final -a in багажа = ‘of the luggage’.


In Russian, an -a at the end of a noun might mean it is a feminine noun in the ordinary or dictionary form (nominative case), e.g. проблема = ‘problem’, or that it is the ‘of what’ situation (genitive case) for a masculine or neuter noun:
проблема выбора = ‘the problem of choice’ (the dictionary form of ‘choice’ is выбор).

We need to buy a map of the city.
Нам надо купить карту города.

Do you like music by Bach?
Вы любите музыку Баха?

I have been to (= was in) Chekhov’s House in Yalta and saw his room.
Я был(а) в доме Чехова в Ялте и видел(а) его комнату.

You cannot (= it is not permitted) to park the car in the centre of the city.
В центре города нельзя парковать машину.

One can buy tickets in the airport ticket office.
Билеты можно купить в кассе аэропорта.


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