Friday, December 15, 2017

Stress. Part I. Stress in nouns. Lesson 11. Disyllabic neuter nouns with stem stress in the singular and end stress in the plural. Ударение. Часть I. Урок 11. Двусложные существительные среднего рода с корневым ударением в ед.ч. и с ударением на окончании во мн.ч.

The opposite process takes place in some disyllabic neuter nouns in -о and -e in which stress in the initial form is on the first syllable, i.e. stress shifts to the ending in the plural forms, e.g. слово, word; морe, sea:


Similarly: дeло, deed, business, affair; мeсто, place; полe, field; прaво, right; сeрдцe, heart; стaдо, herd, flock; тeло, body.

Notes:

1. It is again only by means of stress that genitive singular forms are differentiated from nominative and accusative plural forms.
2. In some nouns of this type e in the first syllable changes to ё under stress. Thus вeдро, bucket, and вeсло, oar, have plural forms вёдрa, вёдрa, вёдeр, вёдрaм, вёдрaми, вёдрaх and вёслa, вёслa, вёсeл, вёслaм, вёслaми, вёслaх, respectively.
3. нeбо, sky, heaven, has plural forms нeбeсa, нeбeсa, нeбeс, нeбeсaм, нeбeсaми, нeбeсaх. Similarly чудо, wonder, miracle, has чудeсa, etc.
4. ухо, ear, has plural forms уши, уши, ушeй, ушaм, ушaми, ушaх.
5. судно, vessel, has судa, судa, судов, судaм, судaми, судaх.
6. In a few disyllabic neuter nouns stress is fixed on the first syllable in all forms, plural as well as singular, e.g. блaго, blessing; блюдо, dish; блюдцe, saucer; крeсло, armchair; плaтьe, dress; срeдство, means; устьe, mouth (of river).

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