Thursday, May 11, 2017

Enrich Your Russian Vocabulary. Lesson 5. Пополни словарный запас русского языка. Урок 5.

A few two-syllable masculine nouns have a plural ending in stressed -a: паспорта = ‘passports’; номера = ‘numbers, hotel rooms’, город = ‘town’; города = ‘towns’; я хочу увидеть русские города Владивосток и Калининград = ‘I want to see (concrete form) the Russian towns (of) Vladivostok and
тоже = ‘too, also, either’;
Я тоже = ‘me, too’ or ‘I, too’;
Я тоже так думаю = ‘I think so too’;
Я тоже не знаю, куда мы поедем = ‘I don’t know either where we will go (by vehicle)’.


в means ‘to’ or ‘in’ in Russian, according to different noun endings:

Мы поедем в Москву = ‘we will go to Moscow’. This answers the question куда? = ‘where to?’

The ending after в when it means ‘in’ (the ‘location’ situation) is usually -e: в городе Новгороде = ‘in the town of Novgorod’. This answers the question где? = ‘where’. Since this describes location, it is known as the locative case, oralternatively the prepositional case, since it only ever follows a preposition.

Feminine nouns change the -a to an -e in the location situation: в Москве =  ‘in Moscow’.

In the city there are parks and boulevards.
В городе есть парки и бульвары.

Tomorrow we are going (will go) to Petersburg.
Завтра мы едем (поедем) в Петербург.

In Petersburg we will go to the Hermitage.
В Петербурге мы пойдём в Эрмитаж.

In Moscow the transport works well.
В Москве транспорт работает хорошо.

Is there furniture in the room?
В комнате есть мебель?


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