Wednesday, October 10, 2012

Урок 41. Вопросительные местоимения. Lesson 41. Interrogative Pronouns.

lf you want to ask the questions What? Who? Which / what sort of? Whose? then you need to use interrogative pronouns.
(A) Что (what) is needed when you are asking about the identity of something:
Что это? Рисунок или фотография?   What is this? A drawing or a photograph?
The phrase что это такое? means what is that?
Что can also be used in its different case forms to make questions:
Nom. что Dat. чему
Acc. что Instr. чем
Gen. чего Prep. чём
e.g. O чём вы говорите? What are you talking about?

(B) Kтo is used when you want to find out the identity of a person:
Кто это? Это новый директор? Who is thаt? Is it the new director?
Кто can also be used in its different case forms to make questions:
Nom. кто Dat. кому
Acc. кто Instr. кем
Gen. кого Prep. ком
e.g. O ком вы говорите? Who are you talking about?

Note that Russian always uses ктo when referring to people, unlike English which sometimes uses what, for example:
Кем вы хотите быть? What do you want to be? (lit.: As whom do youwant to be?)

(C) Какой means which/ what / what sort of / when you are requesting specific detail about something. It is a stressed adjective (and so works in the same way, e.g., as молодой - young):
Какой у них дом? What sort of house lave they got?
В каких городах вы были? Which cities did you visit? (lit.:were you in?)

(D) Чей means whose, used when you are trying to find out what belongs to whom. It must agree with the noun it precedes:
Masculine singular Чей это паспорт? Whose passport is this?
Feminine singular Чья это виза? Whose visa is this?
Neuter singular Чьё это место? Whose place is this?
Plural Чьи это билеты? Whose tickets are these?

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