Wednesday, September 26, 2012

Урок 39. Личные местоимения (Продолжение). Lesson 39. Personal Pronouns (Continued).

(A) There is no special word order for pronouns within a sentence, but they do have different forms for the accusative, genitive, dative, instrumental and prepositional cases.
Nom. я ты он/оно она мы вы они
Acc. меня тебя его её нас вас их
Gen. меня тебя его её нас вас их
Dat. мне тебе ему ей нам вам им
Instr. мной тобой им ей нами вами ими
Prep. мне тебе нём неё нас вас них

(B) Note that the cases of oн are identical to those of оно.

(C) The accusative/genitive form of он/оно (его) is pronounced yevo (i.e. the letter г is pronounced as a v).

(D)  If you are using the nominative, genitive, dative, instrumental or prepositional case of он/оно/она/они after a preposition, add an н to the front of the pronoun:
Я играю в теннис с ним. I play tennis with him.
(The prepositional case always involves the use of a preposition and this is why the prepositional case of он/оно/она/они in the table above starts with the letter н).

(E) Phrases which include ... and I (e,g. you and I) start with мы in Russian:
мы с вами   you and I (lit.: we with you)
мы с ней   she and I (lit.: we with her)
If you want to say about me note that the preposition o becomes oбo:
обо мне   about mе
If you want to say with me note that the preposition c becomes сo:
со мной   with me

(F) Russian prefers to use the personal pronoun (rather than the possessive adjective) when talking about parts of the body:
У меня болит голова.   My head aches.

(G) Russian can use the personal pronoun instead of the possessive adjective when talking about place:
У меня в комнате.   In my room.

2 comments:

  1. Thanks so much, finally i understand it. But can you put or write more examples about:мне тебе нём неё нас вас них. Please. Thanks

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  2. You're welcome!
    Well, here are some examples:

    Мне хочется есть. I want to eat.
    Мне хорошо. I feel good.
    Чего тебе хочется? What do you want?
    Я дам тебе книгу. I'll give you a book.
    Я часто думаю о нём. I often think about him.
    Они написали о нём статью. They wrote an article about him.
    У неё красивые глаза. She's got beautiful eyes.
    Я не буду даже думать про неё (=о ней). I won't even think about her.
    У нас скоро будет свадьба (мы скоро поженимся). We are going to marry soon.
    Мы вас ждём. We are waiting for you (plural).
    Я Вас не понимаю. I don't understand you (singular, formal).
    У них много дел. They've got a lot of things to do.

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